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状態
Primitive and flexible state management for React

URQL

urql offers a toolkit for GraphQL querying, caching, and state management.

From the Overview docs:

urql is a highly customizable and versatile GraphQL client with which you add on features like normalized caching as you grow. It's built to be both easy to use for newcomers to GraphQL, and extensible, to grow to support dynamic single-app applications and highly customized GraphQL infrastructure. In short, urql prioritizes usability and adaptability.

jotai-urql is a Jotai extension library for URQL. It offers a cohesive interface that incorporates all of URQL's GraphQL features, allowing you to leverage these functionalities alongside your existing Jotai state.

Install

You have to install jotai-urql, @urql/core and wonka to use the extension.

yarn add jotai-urql @urql/core wonka

Exported functions

Basic usage

Query:

import { useAtom } from 'jotai'
const countQueryAtom = atomWithQuery<{ count: number }>({
query: 'query Count { count }',
getClient: () => client, // This option is optional if `useRehydrateAtom([[clientAtom, client]])` is used globally
})
const Counter = () => {
// Will suspend until first operation result is resolved. Either with error, partial data, data
const [operationResult, reexecute] = useAtom(countQueryAtom)
if (operationResult.error) {
// This shall be handled in the parent ErrorBoundary above
throw operationResult.error
}
// You have to use optional chaining here, as data may be undefined at this point (only in case of error)
return <>{operationResult.data?.count}</>
}

Mutation:

import { useAtom } from 'jotai'
const incrementMutationAtom = atomWithMutation<{ increment: number }>({
query: 'mutation Increment { increment }',
})
const Counter = () => {
const [operationResult, executeMutation] = useAtom(incrementMutationAtom)
return (
<div>
<button
onClick={() =>
executeMutation().then((it) => console.log(it.data?.increment))
}
>
Increment
</button>
<div>{operationResult.data?.increment}</div>
</div>
)
}

Simplified type of options passed to functions

type AtomWithQueryOptions<
Data = unknown,
Variables extends AnyVariables = AnyVariables,
> = {
// Supports string query, typed-document-node, document node etc.
query: DocumentInput<Data, Variables>
// Will be enforced dynamically based on generic/typed-document-node types.
getVariables?: (get: Getter) => Variables
getContext?: (get: Getter) => Partial<OperationContext>
getPause?: (get: Getter) => boolean
getClient?: (get: Getter) => Client
}
type AtomWithMutationOptions<
Data = unknown,
Variables extends AnyVariables = AnyVariables,
> = {
query: DocumentInput<Data, Variables>
getClient?: (get: Getter) => Client
}
// Subscription type is the same as AtomWithQueryOptions

Disable suspense

Usage of import { loadable } from "jotai/utils" is preferred instead as proven more stable. However is you still want that here is how you do it:

import { suspenseAtom } from 'jotai-urql'
export const App = () => {
// We disable suspense for the entire app
useHydrateAtoms([[suspenseAtom, false]])
return <Counter />
}

Useful helper hook

Here is the helper hook, to cover one rare corner case, and make use of these bindings similar to @tanstack/react-query default behavior where errors are treated as errors (in case of Promise reject) and are handled mostly in the nearby ErrorBoundaries. Only valid for suspended version.

useQueryAtomData

Neatly returns data after the resolution + handles all the error throwing/reexecute cases/corner cases. Note that Type is overridden so data it never undefined nor null (unless that's expected return type of the query itself)

import type { AnyVariables, OperationResult } from '@urql/core'
import { useAtom } from 'jotai'
import type { AtomWithQuery } from 'jotai-urql'
export const useQueryAtomData = <
Data = unknown,
Variables extends AnyVariables = AnyVariables,
>(
queryAtom: AtomWithQuery<Data, Variables>,
) => {
const [opResult, dispatch] = useAtom(queryAtom)
if (opResult.error && opResult.stale) {
use(
// Here we suspend the tree. This will only be triggered in the scenario
// when you use `network-only` for refetch in Error Boundary retry logic, in that case tree doesn't suspend
// causing possible "throwed - retry in boundary - throwed - retry in boundary" cycle.
// (in case of Jotai URQL bindings only).
// eslint-disable-next-line promise/avoid-new
new Promise((resolve) => {
setTimeout(resolve, 10000) // This timeout time is going to cause suspense of this component up until
// new operation result will come. After 10 second it will simply try to render component itself and suspend again
// in an endless loop
}),
)
}
if (opResult.error) {
throw opResult.error
}
if (!opResult.data) {
throw Error(
'Query data is undefined. Probably you paused the query? In that case use `useQueryAtom` instead.',
)
}
return [opResult.data, dispatch, opResult] as [
Exclude<typeof opResult.data, undefined>,
typeof dispatch,
typeof opResult,
]
}
// Suspense tree while promise is resolving (not going to be needed in next versions of React)
function use(promise: Promise<any> | any) {
if (promise.status === 'fulfilled') {
return promise.value
}
if (promise.status === 'rejected') {
throw promise.reason
} else if (promise.status === 'pending') {
throw promise
} else {
promise.status = 'pending'
// eslint-disable-next-line promise/catch-or-return
;(promise as Promise<any>).then(
(result: any) => {
promise.status = 'fulfilled'
promise.value = result
},
(reason: any) => {
promise.status = 'rejected'
promise.reason = reason
},
)
throw promise
}
}

Basic demo

Refferencing the same instance of the client for both atoms and urql provider

To ensure that you reference the same urqlClient object, be sure to wrap the root of your project in a <Provider> and initialise clientAtom with the same urqlClient value you provided to UrqlProvider.

Without this step, you may end up specifying client each time when you use atomWithQuery. Now you can just ignore the optional getClient parameter, and it will use the client from the context.

import { Suspense } from 'react'
import { Provider } from 'jotai/react'
import { useHydrateAtoms } from 'jotai/react/utils'
import { clientAtom } from 'jotai-urql'
import {
createClient,
cacheExchange,
fetchExchange,
Provider as UrqlProvider,
} from 'urql'
const urqlClient = createClient({
url: 'https://countries.trevorblades.com/',
exchanges: [cacheExchange, fetchExchange],
fetchOptions: () => {
return { headers: {} }
},
})
const HydrateAtoms = ({ children }) => {
useHydrateAtoms([[clientAtom, urqlClient]])
return children
}
export default function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }) {
return (
<UrqlProvider value={urqlClient}>
<Provider>
<HydrateAtoms>
<Suspense fallback="Loading...">
<Component {...pageProps} />
</Suspense>
</HydrateAtoms>
</Provider>
</UrqlProvider>
)
}