JotaiJotai

状態
Primitive and flexible state management for React

Persistence

Jotai has an atomWithStorage function in the utils bundle for persistence that supports persisting state in sessionStorage, localStorage, AsyncStorage, or the URL hash.

There are also several alternate implementations here:

A simple pattern with localStorage

const strAtom = atom(localStorage.getItem('myKey') ?? 'foo')
const strAtomWithPersistence = atom(
(get) => get(strAtom),
(get, set, newStr) => {
set(strAtom, newStr)
localStorage.setItem('myKey', newStr)
}
)

A helper function with localStorage and JSON parse

const atomWithLocalStorage = (key, initialValue) => {
const getInitialValue = () => {
const item = localStorage.getItem(key)
if (item !== null) {
return JSON.parse(item)
}
return initialValue
}
const baseAtom = atom(getInitialValue())
const derivedAtom = atom(
(get) => get(baseAtom),
(get, set, update) => {
const nextValue =
typeof update === 'function' ? update(get(baseAtom)) : update
set(baseAtom, nextValue)
localStorage.setItem(key, JSON.stringify(nextValue))
}
)
return derivedAtom
}

(Error handling should be added.)

A helper function with AsyncStorage and JSON parse

This requires onMount.

const atomWithAsyncStorage = (key, initialValue) => {
const baseAtom = atom(initialValue)
baseAtom.onMount = (setValue) => {
;(async () => {
const item = await AsyncStorage.getItem(key)
setValue(JSON.parse(item))
})()
}
const derivedAtom = atom(
(get) => get(baseAtom),
(get, set, update) => {
const nextValue =
typeof update === 'function' ? update(get(baseAtom)) : update
set(baseAtom, nextValue)
AsyncStorage.setItem(key, JSON.stringify(nextValue))
}
)
return derivedAtom
}

Don't forget to check out the Async documentation for more details on how to use async atoms.

Usage in Async actions

When using an asynchronous storage, the reading of the created atoms are asynchronous too. That comes with some limitations. Before useAtom has been called at least once, the value is not set. This can cause an issue, for example, if you want to retrieve the value of your stored atom in an async action (write-only atom).

Let's use the atomWithStorage function in the utils bundle for the examples, so that we have more options available.

import { atomWithStorage, createJSONStorage } from 'jotai/utils'
const storage = createJSONStorage(() => AsyncStorage)
const userId = atomWithStorage('user-id-key', null, storage)
const userInfo = atom({})
const fetchUserInfo = atom(null, async (get, set, payload: any) => {
const id = get(userId) // This throws an error if "userId" is not loaded yet
const info = await fetch('https://jotai.org/users/' + id)
set(userInfo, info)
})

We want to make sure the action will never fail. As always with asynchronous flow in Jotai, we have 2 options: with or without Suspense.

With Suspense

You may want to preload atoms at root level of your app directly:

const Preloader = () => {
useAtomValue(userId) // Trigger the "onMount" function that will load the data from the store
return null
}
const Root = () => {
return (
<Suspense fallback={<Text>Hydrating...<Text>}>
<Preloader /> {/* Wait for atoms to preload */}
<App /> {/* Rest of your app */}
</Suspense>
)
}

Without Suspense

// We add the "delayInit: true" option to tell jotai not to use Suspense
const storage = { ...createJSONStorage(() => AsyncStorage), delayInit: true }
const userId = atomWithStorage('user-id-key', null, storage)
const userInfo = atom({})
const fetchUserInfo = atom(null, async (get, set, payload) => {
let id = get(userId)
if (id === null) {
// We make sure to preload if no value has yet been loaded
id = await AsyncStorage.getItem('user-id-key')
}
const info = await fetch('https://jotai.org/users/' + id)
set(userInfo, info)
})

But always remember jotai is un-opinionated and your workflow may not need preloading at all.


Example with sessionStorage

Same as AsyncStorage, just use atomWithStorage util and override the default storage with the sessionStorage

import { atomWithStorage, createJSONStorage } from 'jotai/utils'
const storage = createJSONStorage(() => sessionStorage)
const someAtom = atomWithStorage('some-key', someInitialValue, storage)

A serialize atom pattern

const serializeAtom = atom<
null,
| { type: 'serialize'; callback: (value: string) => void }
| { type: 'deserialize'; value: string }
>(null, (get, set, action) => {
if (action.type === 'serialize') {
const obj = {
todos: get(todosAtom).map(get),
}
action.callback(JSON.stringify(obj))
} else if (action.type === 'deserialize') {
const obj = JSON.parse(action.value)
// needs error handling and type checking
set(
todosAtom,
obj.todos.map((todo: Todo) => atom(todo))
)
}
})
const Persist = () => {
const [, dispatch] = useAtom(serializeAtom)
const save = () => {
dispatch({
type: 'serialize',
callback: (value) => {
localStorage.setItem('serializedTodos', value)
},
})
}
const load = () => {
const value = localStorage.getItem('serializedTodos')
if (value) {
dispatch({ type: 'deserialize', value })
}
}
return (
<div>
<button onClick={save}>Save to localStorage</button>
<button onClick={load}>Load from localStorage</button>
</div>
)
}

Examples

A pattern with atomFamily

const serializeAtom = atom<
null,
| { type: 'serialize'; callback: (value: string) => void }
| { type: 'deserialize'; value: string }
>(null, (get, set, action) => {
if (action.type === 'serialize') {
const todos = get(todosAtom)
const todoMap: Record<string, { title: string; completed: boolean }> = {}
todos.forEach((id) => {
todoMap[id] = get(todoAtomFamily({ id }))
})
const obj = {
todos,
todoMap,
filter: get(filterAtom),
}
action.callback(JSON.stringify(obj))
} else if (action.type === 'deserialize') {
const obj = JSON.parse(action.value)
// needs error handling and type checking
set(filterAtom, obj.filter)
obj.todos.forEach((id: string) => {
const todo = obj.todoMap[id]
set(todoAtomFamily({ id, ...todo }), todo)
})
set(todosAtom, obj.todos)
}
})
const Persist = () => {
const [, dispatch] = useAtom(serializeAtom)
const save = () => {
dispatch({
type: 'serialize',
callback: (value) => {
localStorage.setItem('serializedTodos', value)
},
})
}
const load = () => {
const value = localStorage.getItem('serializedTodos')
if (value) {
dispatch({ type: 'deserialize', value })
}
}
return (
<div>
<button onClick={save}>Save to localStorage</button>
<button onClick={load}>Load from localStorage</button>
</div>
)
}

Examples