Primitive and flexible state management for React


Version requirement

Jotai uses TypeScript 3.8+ syntax. Upgrade your TypeScript version if you're on 3.7.5 or lower.

Jotai relies heavily on type inferences and requires strictNullChecks to be enabled. Consider adding "strict": true in your tsconfig.json. #550 #802 #838


Primitive atoms are basically type inferred

const numAtom = atom(0) // primitive number atom
const strAtom = atom('') // primitive string atom

Primitive atoms can be explicitly typed

const numAtom = atom<number>(0)
const numAtom = atom<number | null>(0)
const arrAtom = atom<string[]>([])

Derived atoms can mostly have their types inferred

In general, this is the recommended approach since typing derived atoms can get a little confusing, particularly for those who are doing it for the first time.

# Read only derived atoms
const readOnlyAtom = atom((get) => get(numAtom))
const asyncReadOnlyAtom = atom(async (get) => await get(someAsyncAtom))
# Write only atoms
const writeOnlyAtom = atom(null, (_get, set, str: string) => set(fooAtom, str))
const multipleArgumentsAtom = atom(
(_get, set, valueOne: number, valueTwo: number) =>
set(fooAtom, Math.max(valueOne, valueTwo))
# Read/Write atoms
const readWriteAtom = atom(
(get) => get(strAtom),
(_get, set, num: number) => set(strAtom, String(num))
const asyncReadWriteAtom = atom(
async (get) => await get(asyncStrAtom),
(_get, set, num: number) => set(strAtom, String(num))

Derived atoms can also be explicitly typed

If you encounter a situation where you need or want to explicitly type your derived atoms, you can do that as well.

const asyncStrAtom = atom<Promise<string>>(async () => 'foo')
* For write only atoms you'll need to supply three type parameters.
* The first type parameter describes the value returned from the atom. In the following example this is `null`.
* The second type parameter describes the arguments (plural) you will pass to the "write" function. Even if you only
* plan to have one argument, this type must be an array as show in the example.
* The third type parameter describes the return value of the "write" function. Normally, there is no return value,
* which is why we use `void` in the example below.
const writeOnlyAtom = atom<null, [string, number], void>(
(_get, set, stringValue, numberValue) => set(fooAtom, stringValue),
* Read/Write atoms also take the same three type parameters.
* Just for the sake of completeness, in this example, we show that the first type parameter
* can also describe an async atom.
const readWriteAtom = atom<Promise<string>, [number], void>(
async (get) => await get(asyncStrAtom),
(_get, set, num) => set(strAtom, String(num)),

useAtom is typed based on atom types

const [num, setNum] = useAtom(primitiveNumAtom)
const [num] = useAtom(readOnlyNumAtom)
const [, setNum] = useAtom(writeOnlyNumAtom)

Access to the value type of an atom

import { ExtractAtomValue, useAtomValue } from 'jotai'
import { userAtom } from 'state'
import { useQuery } from '@tanstack/react-query'
export default function WriteReview(hid) {
const user = useAtomValue(userAtom)
const res = useGetReviewQuery(user)
function useGetReviewQuery(user: ExtractAtomValue<typeof userAtom>) {
return fetch('/api/user/' + + '/review')