Primitive and flexible state management for React

v2 API migration


Jotai v1 is released at June 2022, and there has been various feedbacks. React also proposes first-class support for promises. Jotai v2 will have a new API.

Unfortunately, there are some breaking changes along with new features.

What are new features

Vanilla library

Jotai comes with vanilla (non-React) functions and React functions separately. They are provided from alternate entry points like jotai/vanilla.

Store API

Jotai exposes store interface so that you can directly manipulate atom values.

import { createStore } from 'jotai' // or from 'jotai/vanilla'
const store = createStore()
store.set(fooAtom, 'foo')
console.log(store.get(fooAtom)) // prints "foo"
const unsub = store.sub(fooAtom, () => {
console.log('fooAtom value in store is changed')
// call unsub() to unsubscribe.

You can also create your own React Context to pass a store.

More flexible atom write function

The write function can accept multiple arguments, and return a value.

(get) => get(...),
(get, set, arg1, arg2, ...) => {
return someValue

What are breaking

Async atoms are no longer special

Async atoms are just normal atoms with promise values. Atoms getter functions don't resolve promises. On the other hand, useAtom hook continues to resolve promises.

Some utils like splitAtom expects sync atoms, and won't work with async atoms.

Writable atom type is changed (TypeScript only)

// Old
WritableAtom<Value, Arg, Result extends void | Promise<void>>
// New
WritableAtom<Value, Args extends unknown[], Result>

In general, we should avoid using WritableAtom type directly.

Some functions are dropped

  • Provider's initialValues prop is removed, because store is more flexible.
  • Provider's scope props is removed, because you can create own context.
  • abortableAtom util is removed, because the feature is included by default
  • waitForAll util is removed, because Promise.all just works

Migration guides

Async atoms

get function for read function of async atoms doesn't resolve promises, so you have to put await or .then().

In short, the change is something like the following. (If you are TypeScript users, types will tell where to changes.)

Previous API
const asyncAtom = atom(async () => 'hello')
const derivedAtom = atom((get) => get(asyncAtom).toUppercase())
const asyncAtom = atom(async () => 'hello')
const derivedAtom = atom(async (get) => (await get(asyncAtom)).toUppercase())
// or
const derivedAtom = atom((get) => get(asyncAtom).then((x) => x.toUppercase()))

Provider's initialValues prop

Previous API
const countAtom = atom(0)
// in component
<Provider initialValues={[[countAtom, 1]]}>
const countAtom = atom(0)
const HydrateAtoms = ({ initialValues, children }) => {
return children
// in component
<HydrateAtoms initialValues={[[countAtom, 1]]}>

Provider's scope prop

Previous API
const myScope = Symbol()
// Parent component
<Provider scope={myScope}>
// Child component
useAtom(..., myScope)
const MyContext = createContext()
const store = createStore()
// Parent component
<MyContext.Provider value={store}>
// Child Component
const store = useContext(MyContext)
useAtom(..., { store })

abortableAtom util

You no longer need the previous abortableAtom util, because it's now supported with the normal atom.

Previous API
const asyncAtom = abortableAtom(async (get, { signal }) => {
const asyncAtom = atom(async (get, { signal }) => {

waitForAll util

You no longer need the previous waitForAll util, because we can use native Promise APIs.

Previous API
const allAtom = waitForAll([fooAtom, barAtom])
const allAtom = atom((get) => Promise.all([get(fooAtom), get(barAtom)]))

Note that creating an atom in render function can cause infinite loop

splitAtom util (or some other utils) with async atoms

splitAtom util only accepts sync atoms. You need to unwrap async atoms before passing.

This applies to some other utils like atomsWithQuery from jotai-tanstack-query.

Previous API
const splittedAtom = splitAtom(asyncArrayAtom)
const splittedAtom = splitAtom(unwrap(asyncArrayAtom, () => []))

As of writing, unwrap is unstable and not documented. You can instead use loadable, which gives more control on loading status. If you need to use <Suspense>, atoms-in-atom pattern would help.

For more information, refer the following discussions:

Some other changes


  • atomWithStorage util's delayInit is removed as being default. Also it will always render initialValue on first render, and the stored value, if any, on subsequent renders. The new behavior differs from v1. See for more information.
  • useHydrateAtoms can only accept writable atoms.

Import statements

The v2 API is also provided from alternate entry points for library authors and non-React users.

  • jotai/vanilla
  • jotai/vanilla/utils
  • jotai/react
  • jotai/react/utils
// Available since v1.11.0
import { atom } from 'jotai/vanilla'
import { useAtom } from 'jotai/react'
// Available since v2.0.0
import { atom } from 'jotai' // is same as 'jotai/vanilla'
import { useAtom } from 'jotai' // is same as 'jotai/react'

Note: If you are not using ESM, you want to prefer using jotai/vanilla etc. instead of jotai, for better tree shaking.